By Dr. Nahwi Saeed and Dr. Jalal Hasan Mistaffa
The Sunni population of Iraq makes up 20% of the county’s
population. They governed Iraq for almost eighty years until they were ousted
from power in 2003. Since then, the areas that Iraq's Sunni community resides
have been continuously unstable and have witnessed conflict and violence. In
2014 much of the Sunni territory fell into the hands of the Islamic State.
After 2003 some in the Sunni Community were distanced from the country’s
political process, while other members of the community took part in it.
However, those in Iraq’s Sunni community that took part in the political
process were suppressed politically, especially in the period of Nuri al-Maliki
premiership. One of the mechanisms often discussed to secure stability in Iraq
is the splitting up of Iraq into three distinct regions, a Kurdish one, a Sunni
Arab one, and a Shia Arab one. With the Mosul offensive and the subsequent
liberation of the area from the Islamic State fast approaching, this mechanism
for solving the issue of stability in Iraq is once again being discussed
amongst scholars, politicians and the international community. Some believe
that dividing up Iraq of is the only solution to the problems of the country,
while others think that that the creation of an autonomous Sunni region in
Iraq, especially post-Islamic State is incredibly tricky. This article will
analyse the consequences of the establishment of a Sunni region of Iraq for the
Kurdistan Regional Government.
Download PDF to the report article here